In running text, capitalize formal job titles only when they appear directly in front of a name and are not set off by a comma. Use lower case in other instances.
The names of offices and departments at the University of Hartford are capitalized only when the full, official name is used.
Office of the Provost
Office of Institutional Advancement
Department of Athletics
Do not capitalize
Except for languages such as English and Spanish, the names of academic disciplines, majors, and minors are not proper nouns and should not be capitalized.
Academic degrees are capitalized only when the full name of the degree is used, such as Bachelor of Arts or Master of Engineering. General references, such as bachelor’s, master’s or doctoral degree, are not capitalized. Use an apostrophe (possessive) with bachelor’s degree and master’s degree, but not in Bachelor of Arts or Master of Science. Do not use an apostrophe with associate degree or doctoral degree. Do not capitalize the major or academic discipline.
Bachelor of Arts in communication, Bachelor of Science in biology
bachelor's degree in communication, master's degree in English
Do not capitalize them when used alone:
BIO 260 Ecology (no punctuation between course number and title)
Caucasian, Irish, Chinese, Native American BUT Do not capitalize “black” or “white” when referring to African Americans or Caucasians.
This year’s reunion is for the Class of 1957.
The math lab is in room 204 in Dana Hall.
Each student must satisfy requirements in the humanities, social sciences and physical sciences.
poet Michael Waters, faculty member Tom Bradley
The reception begins at 6 p.m. and dinner will be served at 8 p.m.
cum laude, summa cum laude, magna cum laude
In a heading or title, capitalize all the elements except articles (a, an, and the), prepositions of three letters or fewer (at, by, for, in, of, off, on, out, to, and up), and conjunctions of three letters or fewer (and, as, but, if, or, and nor).
use this helpful online tool for your specific headline or title (select "AP" on the top bar)
Hyphenated words in headlines and titles:
1. Always capitalize the first element.
2. Capitalize any subsequent elements unless they are articles, prepositions of three letters or fewer, or coordinating conjunctions such as and, or, but, for, or nor, or such modifiers as flat or sharp following musical key symbols.
3. If the first element is merely a prefix or combining form that could not stand by itself as a word (anti, pre, etc.), do not capitalize the second element unless it is a proper noun or proper adjective.
4. Capitalize the second element in a hyphenated spelled-out number (twenty-one or twenty-first, etc.) or hyphenated simple fraction (two-thirds in two-thirds majority).
The examples that follow demonstrate the numbered rules (all the examples demonstrate the first rule; the numbers in parentheses refer to rules 2–4).
Under-the-Counter Transactions and Out-of-Fashion Initiatives (2)
Bed-and-Breakfast Options in Upstate New York (2)
Record-Breaking Borrowings From Medium-Sized Libraries (2)
Cross-Stitching for Beginners (2)
A History of the Chicago Lying-In Hospital (2; “In” functions as an adverb, not a preposition)
The E-flat Concerto (2)
Self-Sustaining Reactions (2)
Anti-intellectual Pursuits (3)
Does E-mail Alter Thinking Patterns? (3)
A Two-Thirds Majority of Non-English-Speaking Representatives (3, 4)
Ninety-Fifth Avenue Blues (4)
Atari’s Twenty-First-Century Adherents (4)