Immigration law refers to the rules established by the federal government to determine who is allowed to enter the US and for how long. It also governs the naturalization process for those who desire to become U.S. citizens.
The Immigration and Nationality Act, or INA, was created in 1952. Before the INA, a variety of statutes governed immigration law but were not organized in one location. The McCarran-Walter bill of 1952, Public Law No. 82-414, collected and codified many existing provisions and reorganized the structure of immigration law. The Act has been amended many times over the years, but is still the basic body of immigration law.
Three federal agencies are charged with administering and enforcing immigration laws and all three agencies are part of the Department of Homeland Security:
Generally speaking, people from foreign countries obtain permission to come to the United States through a visa approval process. U.S. visas are separated into two categories:
As such, International Students and scholars attending programs of study at the University of Hartford hold an F-1 or J-1 visa and are considered to be in non-immigrant status, as their entry is of a "temporary" nature.
The International Center strives to maintain the accuracy of our website, particularly as it relates to immigration regulations and procedures. Due to evolving changes in immigration law, it is not always possible to make timely updates to our site. International students and scholars are advised to always check with their International Student Advisor for the most up-to-date information.