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Library Definitions



Short summary of the content of a book or journal article. Commonly found in many databases and some periodicals index.


Office responsible for the ordering and receipt of library materials other than serials and standing orders. Part of Library Resource and Metadata Services Department.

Allen Library

This library is part of Harrison Libraries serving the Hartt School and all music, dance and theatre programs, located in the Harry Jack Gray Center.


See Abstracts.


A publication released on a regular, once a year schedule.


The Archives and Special Collections are open to University faculty, staff, students and members of the general public by appointment. While some material remains confidential, most collections are accessible. Patrons are asked to observe archival procedures to help protect the collections. Photocopying of material is permitted if the material is in good condition. Archival material is non-circulating. Archives and Special Collections is located on the lower level of Mortensen Library in Room 103.

Ask a Librarian

Chat, email or speak to a reference librarian providing quick information and assistance in conducting research. Response is generally within 24 hours via email.


Computer readable code, inserted in all library books and found on some borrowers' cards, used to speed circulation.


List of research sources used in composing a document. Also, a collection (usually annotated) of sources related to a topic. Do not confuse with biography.


Commercial (off campus) site which turns loose issues of periodicals into bound volumes and repairs books. Materials at the bindery are not available for approximately one month.


Book or article about the life of a person. Do not confuse with bibliography.

Bound Periodicals

Back issues of periodicals which have been sent to the bindery. Located in Harrison Libraries, shelved on the lower level in call number order.


Call Number

Unique letter and number combination to identify the location of a book or bound periodical on the shelf. Mortensen and Allen (music and dance) Libraries use LC (Library of Congress) call numbers. Call numbers group materials by subject.


Collaborative-Pods are designed to allow three students to work together on a project without having to crowd around a computer station. This allows students to spread out while working together on a computer with three keyboards, three mice, and a 42-inch monitor. C-Pods are located on the main level of Harrison Libraries. There is also a c-pod room on the upper level  in L-310 for four hours use at a time. And four rooms with two-person pods on the upper level, as well.


The catalog holds records of all the library materials in the library. It allows you to search for your item.


This office is responsible for the creation of the Libraries Catalog, including description, creation of the bibliographic record, and assignment of the call number. Part of Library Resource and Metadata Services Department.


Service desk where books are checked out and returned. Also provides reserves, videos/DVDs, holds and recalls. Pick up Interlibrary Services materials here, too. Main level in Mortensen and lower level in Allen.

Citation and Style Guides

Information on how to create citations for use in research representing a myriad of different Citation Styles (including APA, MLA, Turabian’s, AMA, etc.). As well as information on writing styles and terminology.


The materials owned by a library. Some collections in the library include DVD, VHS, Judaica, CD's, LP's, music, dance, curriculum lab, oversize and archives. Also, a book consisting of articles, essays, etc. gathered from other sources and republished.

Compact Shelving

Movable shelves designed to save space. Public compact shelving can be found in the Allen Stacks and Periodicals on the lower level. Storage, Rare Books and Archives also have compact shelving.

Current Periodicals

The most recent issues of periodicals. Usually, but not always, the current year. In Mortensen, shelved on the main level near Woods Classroom in alphabetical order by title. In Allen, shelved near the entrance in alphabetical order by title.


A database is an organized collection of information. In libraries, used specifically to refer to online indexes of information about journal articles, books, and other research materials.


Final research project completed by student in a doctoral program. Most are available in the stacks, but older ones may only be in the Archives. All University of Hartford dissertations published are searchable online and available full text since 2000 at Dissertations and Theses @ University of Hartford.


eJournals Locator

Full text electronic access to articles in journals in our collection.

Electronic Books

Full text of a book available online.

Electronic Reserves

Most classes now use Blackboard as the medium for providing access to this information.


Documents Collection of non-journal education materials indexed by the ERIC database and available (online) or on microfiche from 1986 to 2000. Located on the lower level of Harrison Libraries.


Faculty Center for Learning Development is the University center supporting the teaching environment by assisting faculty with the incorporation of technology and new teaching methods into their established curriculum. Housed on the main level of Harrison Libraries.

Full Text

Online reproduction of the complete content of an article or book. Also, journals in which the majority of the articles have their content available online.



Harrison Libraries

All libraries at the University of Hartford.


ISBN (International Standard Book Number)

International Standard Book Number is a unique number, assigned by the publisher to a specific book title. Do not confuse with Call Number.

ITS (Information Technology Services)

Information Technology Services is the University department responsible for computer services, including staffing, maintenance and operation of Users Branches.

Interlibrary Services

Also referred to as ILL, obtains books or copies of articles not owned by University Libraries. Connected to over 9,000 libraries worldwide.  On average, photocopies are received within four (4) days and books are received within ten (10). Occasional fees if charged by the lending library. Online request forms available on University Libraries homepage. The ILS office is located on the lower level of Harrison Libraries.


Professional or research publication issued on a regular schedule, and containing articles. Also referred to as periodical or serial.


KF Room

Classroom located on the main level of Harrison Libraries.

Librarian Chat

Instant Messaging (IM) widget on the library's webpage that allows you to chat with a librarian. It's a great way to ask for help! Click the "Ask Us" box at the right of this page to get started.

LC (Library of Congress)

Library of Congress is the national library of the United States. Also refers to the call (number system) used by Harrison Libraries, and the subject headings used in the Libraries Catalog.

Libraries Catalog

Online database of the holdings of Harrison Libraries, consisting of the Mortensen and Allen Libraries. More generally, the database of the holdings of any library. The starting point for most research projects.


Any micro-formatted reproduction.


Photographic reproduction of a document (usually a journal) on a flat piece of film. Filed in alphabetical order in Mortensen, lower level.


Photographic reproduction of a document (usually a journal) on rolled film. Referred to in the Periodicals List as Micro. Filed in alphabetical order on the lower level of Mortensen Library.

Mortensen Library

This library houses the general collections at the University of Hartford, serving most of the colleges, and including special Judaica, Leisure and Education collections. Located in Harrison Libraries in the Harry Jack Gray Center.

MTS (Media Technology Services)

Media Technology Services. Provides audio and video support for teaching and learning at the University.

Music Library


Regularly published collection of articles. Also referred to as magazines, journals, newspapers, etc. Use the periodicals list from the Harrison Libraries homepage to identify those held. Also, the office responsible for maintaining the collection. Part of Library Resource and Metadata Services Department and located in Harrison Libraries' lower level.


Using parts of texts or entire ideas of other persons as your own work. See our plagiarism guide.


Reference Guide

Collection of online information sources paralleling the Reference collection.

Reference Services or Reference

This department helps members of the UHart community to identify and use sources of information. Mortensen Reference help at the Reference Desk or Office on the main level. Allen Reference, for music and dance help, is at the main service desk on the lower level.


Renewing is the process which allows you to extend the loan period for a book. Some restrictions may apply. Renewals may be requested online, by phone, or at the Circulation desk.


Assigned readings for classes. Hardcopy reserves are kept at Circulation. Some may also be available as Electronic Reserves or on Blackboard.

Resource and Metadata Services Department

This department is responsible for acquiring and making all libraries materials accessible. Includes Acquisitions, Cataloging, Interlibrary Services, and Periodicals.


Generic term for regularly or irregularly published recurring materials. Includes periodicals, annuals and semi-annuals. Also the department responsible for ordering and maintaining them. Part of Library Resource and Metadata Services Department.


Shelves in the libraries.

Style Guides

Subject Guides

Online information sources, arranged in broad categories. Subject Guides are elected by Harrison Libraries staff as starting points for University students (includes online books, databases, websites and more).

Subject Headings

Formally controlled and applied terms to describe the subject of a book or article. Used to focus a search particularly when keyword searching is not successful. Ask a librarian for assistance.


Final research project completed by honors or masters level students. Most theses are available in the stacks, but older ones may only be in the Archives.

Theses, essays, and dissertations that meet all library and departmental requirements should be brought to Melanee Van Haelen at Harrison Libraries' Resource and Metadata Services Department located on the lower level.

Trial Databases

Database available for a short test period. Change frequently.


WFCLI (Woods Family Center for Learning and Instructions)

Classroom shared by Reference Services and the Faculty Center for Learning Development. Provides facilities for hands-on instruction in the use of library and other teaching and learning technologies, as well as FCLD offices. Located on Harrison Libraries' main level.